Canadian Province Abbreviations: A Guide to Canada Abbreviation

Canada Abbreviation State

Remembering and using the correct abbreviations for Canadian provinces can be challenging, especially when dealing with official documents, addresses, or business communications.

Using incorrect or outdated abbreviations for Canadian provinces can lead to confusion, delays in communication, and even legal complications. Having a reliable and up-to-date resource for accurate province abbreviations is crucial.

Introducing Canadian Province Abbreviations – your go-to resource for accurate and standardized abbreviations of Canadian provinces. With our comprehensive list of province abbreviations, you can ensure clear and efficient communication in all your official documents, addresses, and business correspondence. Say goodbye to confusion and hello to accuracy with Canadian Province Abbreviations!

Canada Abbreviation

In today’s fast-paced world, abbreviations have become a common way of quickly referring to various countries, states, and organizations. One such abbreviation that stands out is “Canada.” Renowned for its vast landscapes, vibrant multiculturalism, and progressive values, Canada is revered for its beauty, diversity, and overall high quality of life.

As an abbreviation, “Canada” encapsulates the essence of a nation that has achieved global recognition and consistently symbolizes inclusivity, opportunity, and cultural richness. Join us as we delve into the facets that make the abbreviation “Canada” so powerful and captivating.

Canada short form- Abbreviation for Canada

The Short form of Canada is CAN. It is the second largest country in the world by land area, covering approximately 9.98 million square kilometres.


Abbreviations for Canadian Provinces

Canadian provinces abbreviations: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.

The Canadian province’s abbreviations are as follows:

  • A.B. – Alberta

  • BC – British Columbia

  • MB – Manitoba

  • NB – New Brunswick

  • NL – Newfoundland and Labrador

  • NS – Nova Scotia 

  • N.T. – Northwest Territories

  • ON – Ontario

  • PE – Prince Edward Island (formerly P.E.I.)

  • Q.C. – Quebec

  • SK – Saskatchewan

  • Y.K. – Yukon


Canadian postal codes and abbreviations for provinces and territories
Canadian postal codes and abbreviations for provinces and territories


Canadian Provinces


If you want to quickly familiarize yourself with Canada’s provinces, the Canada Abbreviation State is a helpful resource. It lists the most commonly used provincial abbreviations and briefly describes each area. Abbreviations save time and space when discussing Canadian provinces and avoid ambiguity. For example, the acronym ‘ON’ could refer to Ontario or Ottawa, but ‘O.N.T.’ unambiguously refers to only Ontario. The Canada Abbreviation State is organized alphabetically by province, listing the abbreviation first, followed by the full name in parentheses, and then briefly describing the region.


Canada Initials

What are the initials for Canada? The initials “C.A.” represent Canada, a magnificent country in northern North America.

These initials, when mentioned, evoke a sense of awe, revealing a land of vast natural beauty, diverse cultures, and rich heritage.

Canada, officially known as the Dominion of Canada, is the second-largest country in the world by land area. Its size and diverse geography make it an enticing destination for adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts. From the pristine wilderness of the Rocky Mountains to the breathtaking coastline of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Canada’s initials promise thrilling experiences and unparalleled scenery.

In addition to its natural wonders, Canada is renowned for its warm-hearted and friendly people. The diverse population of this country represents a mosaic of cultures, languages, and traditions, making it a multicultural haven. The initials “C.A.” encapsulate the inclusiveness and unity inherent in Canadian society.

Moreover, Canada is known for its bold and adventurous spirit. Its initials reflect a nation that embraces innovation and progress, always striving to push boundaries and make groundbreaking contributions. From groundbreaking inventions like insulin and the telephone to the pioneering spirit of explorers such as Samuel de Champlain and Alexander Mackenzie, Canada has a legacy of trailblazing achievements that continue to inspire and shape the world.

The history and heritage of Canada are also encapsulated within its initials. The “C” represents its colonial past, influenced by French and British settlements. At the same time, the “A” harkens back to the Authentic Indigenous peoples who have inhabited this land for thousands of years. These initials symbolize the diverse roots and interwoven narratives that have shaped Canada’s identity.

Furthermore, “CA” represents a people with a strong sense of social justice and equality. Canada is known for its commitment to human rights, gender equality, and environmental conservation, making it a progressive and discerning nation. Its initials serve as a reminder of the ongoing pursuit of inclusivity and fairness that Canada strives to uphold.

What is the Alberta Canada Abbreviation?

Alberta Province Abbreviation: A.B.  

Alberta is a western province of Canada located between British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital city is Edmonton.

British Columbia surrounds this region in western Canada to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. It is renowned for its varied terrains, spanning from the prairies in the south to the Rocky Mountains in the west.


Map of Alberta Canada


What is the Abbreviation for British Columbia?

 British Columbia Province Abbreviation: B.C

 British Columbia is a western province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. Its capital city is Victoria.

This province is situated along Canada’s west coast and shares borders with the Pacific Ocean to the west, Alaska to the northwest, Yukon to the northeast, and the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana to the south.



Map of BC


What is the Abbreviation for Manitoba?

Manitoba Province Abbreviation: M.B.  

 Manitoba is a central Canadian province between Ontario and Saskatchewan. Its capital city is Winnipeg.

Located in central Canada, this province borders Saskatchewan to the west, Ontario to the east, Nunavut to the north, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south. Its flat terrain features many lakes, rivers, and forests, with Lake Winnipeg being one of its most prominent natural landmarks. The province’s capital, Winnipeg, is situated near the longitudinal center of North America and boasts a vibrant arts and culture scene with a diverse population and many galleries, museums, and theatres.


Map of Manitoba, Canada
Manitoba, Canada


What is the Abbreviation for New Brunswick?

 New Brunswick Province Abbreviation: N.B.

 New Brunswick is an eastern Canadian province between Nova Scotia and Quebec. Its capital city is Fredericton.

Did you know New Brunswick is a beautiful province on Canada’s east coast? It borders Quebec to the north, Nova Scotia to the east, and the U.S. state of Maine to the west. The Bay of Fundy Coast is a must-see attraction with its stunning tides, picturesque fishing villages, and beautiful beaches. The province’s interior features rolling hills, forests, and rivers.

If you’re looking for a vibrant city to explore, Fredericton, the capital city of New Brunswick, has a lot to offer. It is located near the center of the province and is home to several universities, museums, and cultural attractions. Saint John, the largest city in the area, has a rich history as a major port city.

New Brunswick’s economy is diverse and thriving, with major industries including forestry, agriculture, fishing, and manufacturing. The province has a significant pulp and paper industry and a growing technology sector.


Map of New Brunswick, Canada
 New Brunswick, Canada


What is the Newfoundland and Labrador Abbreviation?

 Newfoundland and Labrador Province Abbreviation: N.L

 Newfoundland and Labrador is an eastern Canadian province located east of Quebec. Its capital city is St.

On Canada’s eastern coast, there is a province that shares borders with Quebec on the west and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. This province is composed of two separate regions: Newfoundland, an island situated off the mainland, and Labrador, which is connected to Quebec via a land boundary. Each area boasts its unique cultural identity and scenic beauty.

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The capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John’s, located on the eastern coast of the Newfoundland island. This city is known for its lively arts and culture scene and numerous museums and historic sites. Meanwhile, the largest city in Labrador is Happy Valley-Goose Bay, a key hub for transportation and resource development.


Map of Newfoundland and Labrador
 Newfoundland and Labrador


What is the Nova Scotia Abbreviation?

 Nova Scotia Province Abbreviation: N.S.

 Nova Scotia is an eastern Canadian province located east of New Brunswick and south of Prince Edward Island. Its capital city is Halifax.

Nova Scotia is a beautiful province situated on the east coast of Canada, adjacent to New Brunswick on the west and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The province boasts a lengthy coastline with many bays, beaches, coves, and scenic lighthouses. On the southeast coast of Nova Scotia lies Halifax, the capital city famous for its universities, museums, and cultural sites, including the historical Halifax Citadel.


Map of Nova Scotia, Canada
 Nova Scotia, Canada


What is the Ontario Abbreviation?

 Ontario Province Abbreviation: O.N.

 Ontario is a central Canadian province between Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital city is Toronto.

Ontario, a province in central Canada, shares borders with Manitoba to the west, Quebec to the east, and multiple U.S. states to the south, including Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. This province boasts the presence of Canada’s capital, Ottawa, and Toronto, the country’s largest city.

Toronto is a dynamic economic and cultural center renowned for its flourishing arts scene, numerous museums, and iconic landmarks, including the C.N. Tower. Ontario’s landscape varies, from unspoiled lakes and dense forests in the north to vibrant cities and rolling farmlands in the south. The province is home to breathtaking natural wonders such as Niagara Falls, Algonquin Provincial Park, and the Bruce Peninsula.

Toronto abbreviation two letters: “TO” stands for Toronto, the vibrant and multicultural city in Ontario, Canada. Known for its diverse population, stunning skyline, and bustling atmosphere, Toronto has become a significant destination for travel, commerce, and entertainment.


Map of Ontario, Canada
 Ontario, Canada


What is the Prince Edward Island Abbreviation?

Prince Edward Island Province Abbreviation: P.E.I 

Prince Edward Island is an eastern Canadian province located east of New Brunswick and north of Nova Scotia. Its capital city is Charlottetown.

On Canada’s east coast, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, lies Prince Edward Island, the smallest province in size and population. The island is a popular tourist destination with a scenic coastline, red-sand beaches, and picturesque fishing villages. Charlottetown, the capital city on the southern coast, boasts several historic sites and museums, including the Confederation Centre of the Arts.

The province’s economy is primarily based on agriculture and tourism, focusing on potato production, fisheries, and aquaculture. In addition to its natural beauty and economic strength, Prince Edward Island also has a rich cultural heritage, famously being the setting of the beloved novel “Anne of Green Gables” by Lucy Maud Montgomery. Visitors can explore attractions related to the book, such as the Green Gables Heritage Place.


Map of Prince Edward Island, Canada
 Prince Edward Island, Canada


What is the Abbreviation for Quebec, Canada?

 Quebec Province Abbreviation: Q.C.

Quebec is a central Canadian province located east of Ontario and west of Newfoundland and Labrador. Its capital city is Quebec City.

Did you know that Québec, a province in eastern Canada, is the largest province in the country by area and the second-most populous province after Ontario? Québec is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and breathtaking natural beauty. The provincial capital, Québec, is among the oldest cities in North America and boasts various historic sites and landmarks. The Château Frontenac, a grand hotel overlooking the St. Lawrence River, is one of the most notable landmarks.

Québec’s landscape is characterized by rugged mountains, dense forests, and vast lakes and rivers, making it a popular tourist destination. The Laurentian Mountains, Mont-Tremblant National Park, and the Gaspé Peninsula are some of the most visited attractions in the province.


Map of Quebec, Canada
 Quebec, Canada


What is the Saskatchewan Abbreviation?

Saskatchewan Province Abbreviation: S.K.

 Saskatchewan is a western Canadian province between Manitoba and Alberta. Its capital city is Regina.

Located in the central region of Canada, Saskatchewan is a province that shares its borders with Alberta to the west, Manitoba to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota to the south. The province is famous for its vast prairies that stretch across much of its southern area.

Saskatchewan’s capital city is Regina, situated in the southern part of the province. It is home to various museums, including the Royal Saskatchewan Museum and the picturesque Wascana Centre Park. The largest city in Saskatchewan is Saskatoon, located in the province’s central part. It is a cultural center with many theatres, galleries, and festivals throughout the year.


Map of Saskatchewan, Canada


Postal abbreviation Canada

Provincial and Territorial Abbreviations: To help differentiate between provinces and territories in Canada, unique abbreviations are often used, particularly in French-speaking regions. Here’s a list of these abbreviations and their corresponding parts:

N.L. Newfoundland and Labrador postal abbreviation

Located in the easternmost part of Canada, this region consists of the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador. Known for its rugged coastlines and vibrant cultural heritage, Newfoundland and Labrador offer breathtaking landscapes and warm hospitality.

N.S.  Nova Scotia postal abbreviation

The province of Nova Scotia encompasses a peninsula and nearby islands renowned for its historical significance and mesmerizing coastal beauty. From the iconic Peggy’s Cove to the vibrant city of Halifax, Nova Scotia has something for everyone.

N.B. New Brunswick postal abbreviation

Located on the country’s east coast, New Brunswick is known for its stunning Bay of Fundy, lively festivals, and picturesque landscapes. This province, rich in history and charming small towns, provides a delightful mix of cultural experiences.

Q.C. Quebec postal abbreviation

Québec is the largest province in Canada, home to French-speaking communities, vibrant cities, and breathtaking natural wonders. From the cobblestone streets of Old Québec City to the stunning Charlevoix region, Québec reflects its rich cultural heritage.

ON  Ontario postal abbreviation

As the most populous province, Ontario is a vibrant region offering diverse urban and natural attractions. From the iconic Niagara Falls to the cosmopolitan city of Toronto, Ontario has a bustling energy and numerous hidden gems to explore.

M.B. Manitoba postal abbreviation

Manitoba offers a unique blend of prairies, forests, and lakes in the heart of Canada. With its rich indigenous heritage and diverse wildlife, this province invites visitors to explore and appreciate its natural wonders.


Canadian provinces and territories abbreviation in French 

Acronym for Canadian Provinces

Here is the Canadian province’s abbreviations list in French:

  1. Alberta short Form: A.B.
  2. Colombie-Britannique (British Columbia) short Form: CB
  3. Île-du-Prince-Édouard (Prince Edward Island) short Form: ÎPÉ
  4. Manitoba short Form: M.B.
  5. Nouveau-Brunswick (New Brunswick) short Form: N.B.
  6. Nouvelle-Écosse (Nova Scotia) short Form:
  7. Ontario Short Form: ON
  8. Québec short Form: QC
  9. Saskatchewan: SK
  10. Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador (Newfoundland and Labrador) short Form: T.N.L.
  11. Territoires du Nord-Ouest (Northwest Territories) short Form: TNO
  12. Yukon short Form: Y.K.
  13. Nunavut short Form: NU

How are Abbreviations Chosen?

In Canada, abbreviations are selected based on practicality, clarity, and consistency with established naming conventions. Various stakeholders, such as government officials, industry leaders, and public members, are consulted to choose appropriate abbreviations for specific terms or phrases. Consistency across different industries and jurisdictions also plays a significant role in selecting Canadian abbreviations to ensure universal understanding and recognition.

In some cases, ease of use and memorization are considered, with shorter and simpler abbreviations being preferred over longer and more complicated ones that may confuse.

The selection of abbreviations follows specific guidelines to ensure clear, unambiguous, and easily understood communication. Avoiding abbreviations that could be confused with other terms or phrases is crucial, as well as using standardized abbreviations whenever possible. It is also essential to consider the audience using the abbreviations, choosing commonly understood abbreviations or avoiding them altogether in favour of straightforward language if necessary.

By carefully considering practicality, consistency, clarity, and audience needs, Canadians can create a clear and effective communication system that serves the needs of everyone involved.


Provinces and territories of Canada Flag
Provinces and territories of Canada Flag


What are the Different Types of Abbreviations Used in Canada?

In Canada, various types of abbreviations are commonly used in different contexts. These abbreviations serve to streamline communication and make it more efficient.

One type of abbreviation commonly used in Canada is the postal code abbreviation. Canadian postal codes are alphanumeric codes that represent specific geographic areas. These codes are often abbreviated when used in addresses or on envelopes for faster and more accurate mail sorting.

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Another type of abbreviation frequently encountered in Canada is the province and territory abbreviations. Each province and territory has unique abbreviations, such as ON for Ontario, QC for Quebec, BC for British Columbia, AB for Alberta, etc. These abbreviations are commonly used in addresses, official documents, and casual conversations.

In addition to these geographical abbreviations, other types of abbreviations are used across various industries and sectors in Canada. For example, the medical field uses abbreviations for medical conditions (e.g., C.P.R. for cardiopulmonary resuscitation). In contrast, the business sector may use acronyms to refer to organizations or industry-specific terms (e.g., CIBC for Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce).

It is important to note that while these abbreviations can help facilitate communication, it is crucial to ensure their proper usage and understanding by all parties involved. Misinterpretation or misuse of an abbreviation can lead to confusion or misunderstandings.

Overall, using different types of abbreviations in Canada is vital in enhancing communication efficiency across various domains within the country.

Pros and Cons of Using Abbreviations for Canadian Provinces

Using abbreviations for Canadian provinces can have both advantages and disadvantages. Let’s explore the pros and cons of using abbreviations for Canadian provinces.


1. Space-saving: Abbreviations allow concise and space-saving representations of the Canadian provinces’ names. This can be particularly beneficial when character limits, such as in social media posts or limited physical signage, are a concern.

2. Time-saving: Using abbreviations can save time when writing or repeatedly typing Canadian provinces’ names, especially in cases where accuracy and speed are crucial, like data entry or form-filling processes.

3. Familiarity: Abbreviations such as B.C. (British Columbia), A.B. (Alberta), ON (Ontario), Q.C. (Quebec), etc., have become widely recognized and understood across Canada over time. They have become part of the common vernacular, making communication more efficient among Canadians.


1. Lack of clarity: While abbreviations may be familiar to Canadians, they may not always be universally understood by individuals from other countries or regions who may not be familiar with Canadian provincial abbreviations.

2. Misinterpretation: It is possible to misinterpret an abbreviation if it has multiple possible meanings or closely resembles another term or acronym. This could lead to confusion in communication and potentially impact the intended message.

3. Informality: Some argue that using abbreviations for provincial names might come across as informal or lacking proper respect for the full name of a province, especially in formal contexts such as legal documents, official reports, or academic papers.

It is essential to consider these pros and cons when deciding whether to use abbreviations for Canadian provinces depending on the specific context, audience, and purpose of communication.


Provinces and territories of Canada
Provinces and Territories of Canada


 The two-letter codes for Canadian provinces and territories

Canada is made up of 13 provinces and territories, each of which is identified by a unique two-letter code. These codes are commonly used in official documents, correspondence, and addresses to distinguish the various regions within Canada. It is essential to comprehend the meaning of these codes to ensure effective communication and precise record-keeping.

The two-letter codes are derived from the English name of each province or territory, except Quebec, which utilizes its French name. The first letter of the code represents the initial letter of the province or territory’s name, while the second letter represents the second or another significant letter.

For instance, Ontario’s code is ON, with “O” representing the first letter of “Ontario” and “N” representing the last letter. Similarly, British Columbia is represented by B.C., with “B” representing “British” and “C” representing “Columbia.”

It’s worth noting that some codes have been assigned based on historical reasons. For example, the Northwest Territories, which once included parts of Nunavut and Yukon, is still represented by the code N.T., even though it no longer comprises those areas.

The two-letter codes assigned to Canadian provinces and territories provide a swift and efficient means of identifying the various regions of Canada. Individuals can communicate effectively and maintain accurate records by understanding how these codes are structured.

How do you use Canadian province and territory abbreviations in addresses and correspondence?

Using the correct Canadian province and territory abbreviations in addresses and correspondence is vital to ensure efficient communication and accurate delivery. Here are some tips for using these abbreviations effectively:

– Use the appropriate abbreviation: Always use the correct two-letter code for the province or territory you’re addressing. For instance, use “B.C.” instead of “B.C.” or “Brit Col.” when sending a letter to someone in British Columbia.

– Include the abbreviation in the address line: Write out the address and include the two-letter code immediately following the city and before the postal code. For example, “123 Main Street, Toronto ON M5V 1Z4”.

– Capitalize the abbreviation: Always capitalize the two-letter code in an address or correspondence.

– Use a comma between city and province/territory: To clarify where the person is located, use a comma to separate the city and province/territory. For instance, “Toronto, ON.”

– Avoid using abbreviations in the salutation: Using acronyms in the greeting is unnecessary. Address the letter or email recipient by the full name of the province or territory. For example, “Dear John, I hope this letter finds you well in British Columbia.”

By following these guidelines, you can effectively use Canadian province and territory abbreviations in your addresses and correspondence, making communication more efficient and accurate.

Is C.D.N. Short for Canada?

Canada is often abbreviated as C.D.N., especially in trade and commerce. This shorthand is frequently used on documents like shipping labels and invoices to refer to Canada briefly. The abbreviation is derived from the French term “Canada” and is commonly employed in international trade to identify Canadian goods. For instance, if shipping a product from Canada to another country, the shipping label may list the destination country as “U.S.A.” and the origin country as “C.D.N.”

Aside from trade and commerce, C.D.N. is a prevalent shorthand used in other situations where brevity is crucial. News headlines and social media posts may use C.D.N. instead of writing out “Canada” in total. It’s important to note that C.D.N. is not an official abbreviation for Canada. C.A. is the official two-letter abbreviation, while CAN is the three-letter abbreviation. Nevertheless, C.D.N. is still a valuable and convenient shorthand for referencing Canada in various contexts.


Is the Abbreviation for Canada and California the Same?

When you come across the abbreviation “C.A.,” it could be referring to either Canada or California. However, the context in which it is used usually makes it clear which one is being referred to. For instance, if you mention that you are going to C.A. while discussing North American locations, people will likely assume you mean California, given its location. On the other hand, if you select C.A. as your country of residence while filling out a form, it will be assumed that you are referring to Canada.

It is rare to confuse the two abbreviations because they are typically used in different contexts. When referring to California, people prefer to use the full name of the state to avoid confusion. Other factors that can help distinguish the two include their postal codes, accents, slang terms, and cultural attributes. 

“C.A.” is the postal abbreviation for Canada and California. However, there are alternative abbreviations you can use for each, such as “CAN” for Canada and “C.A.L.” for California. Nevertheless, these are less commonly used than “C.A.”

Confusion between the two abbreviations is rare because of the different contexts and factors involved.

What is the 3-letter Abbreviation for Canada?

Canada in short form: The three-letter abbreviation for Canada is CAN.

How many provinces are there in Canada?

Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. The ten provinces are British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.

Each province has its own unique characteristics, economy, and cultural identity. Provincial governments are responsible for various aspects within their jurisdictions, such as healthcare, education, natural resources management, and transportation. They also have the power to levy taxes and regulate several areas of governance.

The provinces vary in size, population, and geographical features. For example, Ontario is the most populous province and covers a large area, while Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in size and population. British Columbia is known for its stunning mountain ranges and coastal landscapes, while Alberta is renowned for its vast oil reserves and rich wildlife. Quebec is predominantly French-speaking and has a distinct cultural heritage, while Manitoba is known for its multiculturalism and diverse population. Newfoundland and Labrador are the easternmost provinces, boasting rugged coastlines and fishing communities.

The three territories are located in the northern part of the country and are known for their vast, untouched wilderness, Arctic landscapes, and Indigenous cultures. They have unique governance structures and face distinctive challenges due to their remote locations and extreme climates.

Most of the acts that hooked up the provinces and territories of the Canadian Federation were acts of the British Parliament because the federal union in 1867 no longer marked Canada’s independence from Great Britain.

How many territories are in Canada?

Three territories. The territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
The foremost distinction between a Canadian province and a Canadian territory is that a province is an advent of the Constitution Act (17 April 1982), while a territory is created using federal law. Thus, the federal authorities have extra direct manipulation over the territories.


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